Natural crystal gemstone Emerald metaphysical healing properties & meaning

precious gem of the heart


Emerald Origin & Physical Properties

Emerald is a precious gemstone variety of the mineral beryl with a green color ranging from yellow-green to blue-green. Beryl crystals form in the hexagonal crystal system occurring often in columnar crystals. It is a beryllium aluminum cyclosilicate with a hardness from 7.5 - 8 Mohs. The unique green color of Emerald is caused by trace amounts of chromium and sometimes vanadium. The name Emerald originates from the Ancient Greek name ‘smaragdos’ meaning ‘green gem’. Nearly all Emeralds have inclusions, even valuable ones. Nearly flawless Emeralds are incredibly rare and gemstones are often treated with oil to increase their stability and clarity.

Emeralds form in hydrothermal veins or pegmatite deposits. Mineral rich fluids rise from the hot magma beneath carrying important elements for the formation of Emeralds like beryllium, aluminum, silica and chromium. As the hot liquid began to cool, Beryl crystals grew within the mineral rich environment.

Like Diamonds, Emeralds are graded using the ‘4 C’s’, meaning color, clarity, cut and carat. Color takes first priority in the evaluation process with a pure verdant green being the most valuable. Blue-green gemstones are more valuable than yellow-green ones. Clarity and high degree of transparency takes second priority after color. As the carat size increases, so does the price per carat for high quality, well-cut gems.

The first mines of historical record were in ancient Egypt from Mount Smaragdus since at least 1500 BC. They continued to be mined on an industrial scale by the Roman, Byzantine and later Islamic empires. It is believed that the indigenous peoples of Colombia were mining Emeralds from at lest 500 AD. It too Spanish Conquistadors 50 years of battles to overpower the Muzo indigenous tribe that was ruling the mining region of Colombia. Once in control, the export of Emeralds from Colombia dominated the Emerald market for nearly 500 years. New finds in Zambia have shifted the market over the last two decades, and the beautiful Emeralds from this region represent a growing percentage of the World’s market. Other sources of Emerald includes North Carolina, Brazil, the Ural Mountains of Russia and the Kashmir region of the Himalayas.




 Chemical Composition


 Mohs Hardness 




 Specific Gravity Average 2.76

 Refractive Index

1.57 – 1.58

 Fluorescence  None

Crystal System 



Transparent to opaque


Green shades to colorless


Colombia, Zambia, Brazil, Zimbabwe


Heart (4th)





Metaphysical Effects

Success in Love/marriage, self-esteem

Emerald Healing & Metaphysical Properties

Natural crystal gemstone Emerald metaphysical healing properties & meaning

Emerald History & Mythology