golden quartz crystal


Citrine Origin & Physical Properties

Citrine is a pale yellow to deep golden variety of quartz which color is caused by oxidized iron within its atomic structure. The name Citrine, comes from the Greek word ‘citron’, meaning lemon. It’s vibrant golden color hues, durability and affordability has led citrine to become the most well-known and best selling yellow gemstone in the world. Citrine, like all varieties of macro crystalized quartz, forms in the six-sided hexagonal crystal system and has a durable hardness of 7 on the Mohs scale. Citrine is a crystalline formation of silicon and oxygen.

Most gem-quality Citrines are cut from heat-treated amethyst and smokey quartz crystals and not natural citrine. However, it does not diminish their value and is a commonly excepted practice within the gem trade. Citrine is found around the world but the largest sources for gem quality rough comes out of Brazil and Madagascar. Usually the darker golden to reddish orange colored Citrine gemstones are from heat treated Amethyst and the lighter lemon colored gems are created from heating Smokey Quartz. Generally, the more saturated golden citrine with eye clean transparency and quality faceting fetches a much higher price per carat compared to the paler yellow varieties. Most faceted citrine is quite clean and usually only presents minor inclusions. Color banding and zonal coloration is common, especially within darker colored gemstones.




 Chemical Composition


 Mohs Hardness 




 Specific Gravity 2.63 - 2.7

 Refractive Index

1.544 - 1.553

 Fluorescence  None

Crystal System 





Yellow to orange to orangey red Brown


Brazil, Argentina, Bolivia, Zambia, Spain, France


Solar Plexus (3th)





Metaphysical Effects

Clarity, Manifestation, Abundance

Citrine Healing & Metaphysical Properties

natural citrine & moldavite healing crystal jewelry

Citrine History & Mythology

In ancient times, Citrine was said to ward of evil spirits and acted as a protective stone against evil thoughts, and a  shield against illness and snake bites. Known as “the merchant stone” citrine had an excellent reputation amongst tradesmen for encouraging prosperity and abundance.

In ancient Vedic belief, Citrine is represented by the god Brahaspati and the planet Jupiter. It is considered to be the teacher of the gods and the seat  of wisdom and high knowledge. In Ancient Greece and Egypt the stone was one of the key gemstones used in jewelry and talismans. Citrine was thought to soothe anger, calm the nerves and help manifest one’s deepest desires.